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Running head: Grand Theory Written AssignmentGrand Theory Written AssignmentJordan A. CooperMaryville University
Grand Theory Written AssignmentNeeds Theorist: Dorothea OremEducation: Dorothea initially received her nursing diploma at Providence Hospital, Washington DC in the 1930’s. She went on to receive her bachelors in nursing from Catholic University of America in 1939 and then her masters in nursing from Catholic University of America in 1945. She also received an honorary Doctor of Science Degree, Georgetown University Philosophy of Nursing in 1976Philosophy: Self-care is a human need, and nurses intervene with patients. The goal is to provide and manage self-care aspects to help patients become strong and healthy again. Definition: Orem defines nursing as art and technology which serves to help patients.Goal/Purpose: The role of the nurse is to help people overcome their limitations and achieve their optimum level of health. Interaction Theorist: Hildegard PeplauEducation: Hildegard Peplau graduated from the diploma nursing program Pottstown, PA in 1931 and went on to be a staff nurse. Peplau then was recommended to work as a school nurse at Bennington College located in Vermont. While working there she earned her Bachelor’s Degree in Interpersonal Psychology in 1943. From there she went on to earn her Master’s and Doctoral degrees from Teacher’s College of Columbia University. In addition she became certified in psychoanalysis thru the William Alanson White Institution of New York City.Philosophy: Peplau’s philosophy of nursing focused on harnessing energy psychological disturbances such as anxiety and tension to define understanding with patients and deal with the problem at hand. She felt nurses