PSY 346 LECTURE NOTES 6.docx

PSY 346 LECTURE NOTES 6.docx - PSY 346 LECTURE NOTES 6...

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PSY 346 LECTURE NOTES 6 COPING AND SOCIAL SUPPORT The Stress Appraisal Process Step 1: Primary Appraisal: Is it positive, negative, or neutral? Positive or neutral: No stress, and appraisal process is over Negative: Is it harmful, threatening, or challenging? Step 2: Secondary Appraisal: Can I cope with the demands of the stressor? Definition of Coping A dynamic series of transactions between the individual and the environment, the purpose of which is to regulate internal states and/or alter person-environment relations. Cognitive, emotional, or behavioral efforts to manage the demands of a stressor. The Functions of Coping 1) to master or eliminate the distress-inducing problem 2) to alter your appraisals of the distress-inducing situation 3) to reduce the psychological and physiological distress reactions 4) to return to normal or better functioning Emotion-Focused V. Problem-Focused Coping Emotion-Focused: Efforts to reduce or manage the distress from the stressor. (helping feel better, but did not do anything to remove stressor) Problem-Focused: Efforts to solve or alter the stressor. Active vs. Avoidant Coping Active Coping Active efforts to do something about the stressor or its emotional consequences. Avoidant Coping Avoiding or with-drawing from the stressor or thoughts of it. Putting the Types Together
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Which Coping Style is Best? Depends on the situation: Do you have control over the situation? If yes, problem-focused and active coping If no, emotion-focused or avoidant Is stressor short-term or long-term? If short-term, avoidant is better than active If long-term, active is better than avoidant Effects of Emotion-Focused Active Coping (Stanton et al., 2000) Studied 92 breast cancer patients Measured emotional processing at baseline Measured emotional expression at baseline 3 months later, measured distress and health Results three months later More emotional processing: More distress More emotional expression: less distress and better health Louis CK on Tig Notaro (coping stress using humor) “The show was an amazing example of what comedy can be. A way to visit your worst fears
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