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COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR AND SOCIAL MOVEMENT
COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR▪is voluntary, spontaneous activity engaged in by a large number of people and typically violates dominant-group norms and values. ▪form of social behavior in which the usual conventions cease to guide social actions and people collectively transcend, bypass, or subvert established institutional patterns and structures. (Turner & Killian)
THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR:▪EMERGENT NORM THEORY- states that crowd behavior is guided by unique socialnorms, which are established by members of the crowd.▪CONVERGENCE THEORY- crowd behavior reflects the preexisting values and beliefs and behavioral disposition of the individuals who join a crowd.▪SMELSER’S VALUE ADDED THEORY- states that several conditions must be in place for collective behavior to occur.
CONDITIONS ON COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR(Value-Added Theory) ▪Structural Conduciveness▪Structural Strain▪Generalized Belief▪Precipitating factors▪Mobilization for action▪Ineffectiveness of Social Control