Knepp 1 Myranda L. Knepp Mrs. Thomas English 12 14 December 2017 The Crisis in Syria How would you feel if America experienced another civil war? Can you imagine if the world you know was ripped apart? If innocent children got showered with chemical weapons? This is the reality for the citizens of Syria, whose country is amid a civil war. There are many solutions to the crisis in Syria; among the most influential are prioritizing financial support, supporting diplomacy instead of military force, and accepting Syrian refugees. There are many causes for the crisis in Syria, but we must first focus on the causes of the civil war itself. The Syrian civil war first started in March 2011 (“Syrian Civil War”). The first, and main cause of the civil war in Syria, was the harsh crackdown on political protesters. Long before the war started, citizens vocalized in their complaints about lack of freedom, unemployment, and corruption (“Why is there a War”). In March 2011, a group of teens and children were arrested for writing political graffiti (“Syrian Civil War”). The children who were arrested got tortured by the government, and one boy died as a result (“From the Beginning”). It was this first use of force that first sparked the war. Another reason that the civil war started, was because of the Syrian president: Bashar al- Assad, who as of 2000, succeeded his father Hafez al-Assad (“Syrian Presidents”). Most citizens are Sunni Muslims, but the Assad regime is Alawite (“From the Beginning”). This, along with a 1982 deadly crackdown on a Muslim Brotherhood that resulted in over 30,000 people being killed by Hafez al-Assad, created a distrust for the Assad regime (“From the Beginning”).
Knepp 2 To further understand the cause of the crisis in Syria, the history of the country cannot be overlooked. It is both due to the current, and past, administrations that Syria is amid a horrifying civil war and humanitarian crisis. In 1961, Hafez al-Assad and several other exiled military officials formed a committee to resurrect the fortunes of the Syrian Ba th Party. In 1963, when ʿ the Ba’th party regained power in Syria, Assad became the commander of the air force (“ afez Ḥ al-Assad”). He then took part in a 1966 coup that overthrew the leaders of the Ba’th party and became minister of defense. In November, 1970, Assad gained control. He then became prime minister, and in 1971, was elected president of Syria (“ afez al-Assad”). Assad was influential Ḥ in the establishment of Syria as a power of the Middle East. Assad limited access to modern tools like the internet because he worried they would threaten his government (“Hafez al- Assad”).
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