Sylvia Sheng Ms. Zachik AP Language and Composition March 21, 2017 2002 AP ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS Abraham Lincoln begins his Second Inaugural Address by both contemplating the destructive impact of the Civil War as well as promising his people that great efforts will be made to reconstruct their nation. By using numerous rhetorical strategies such as antithesis, archaism and parallelism, Lincoln effectively builds his argument through the appeals to his audiences’ logic, religion and emotion. He opens his speech by juxtaposing the different historical context in which these two inaugural speeches were made. The approach of the end of the war makes him no longer focus on the war itself, rather, he shifts his focus to envision the future. Yet Lincoln still stresses the idea that the Civil War is an unwanted war for both sides. “Both parties deprecated war, but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let in perish.”(24-27) By using antithesis, Lincoln
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- Spring '17