Chapter 6 and 7 copy.docx - Chapter 6 and 7 Intro England...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 25 pages.

Chapter 6 and 7Intro: England and Dutch Republic = representative governmentsStuart Kings vs Parliament = Religious conflict bc more taxesConflicts in Stuart EnglandConflicts between James I and ParliamentJames I (England) lived (1566-1625) ruled (1603-1625)From ScotlandJoined Scotland and England togetherTheory that monarchy had a “divine” right to ruleRelationship between monarch and Parliament = not goodIncreasingly dependent on advisor: Duke of Buckingham who convinced him to raise money by selling privileges to the highestbidderParliament began to see itself as an institution that defended therights of the English peopleArgued with parliament over there right to discuss foreign policy1621 = parliament refuses to provide funds because it wants an anti-Spanish policyJames seems pro-CatholicoArranges the marriage of his son to 2 Catholics, first = Spanish Princess, second = Henrietta Maria of FranceoFor second marriage he secretly agrees to allow Catholics (2-3% of English pop.) to practice freelySon Charles I: rejected view that appointments to ministries and other important offices should represent a wide spectrum of political and religious viewsReligious divisionsPuritansoDid not want to separate from church, instead purifyoPredestinationoDeemphasized sacramentsoIndividual faitho10% of pop.oPuritan University graduates extended their influenceoLess monarch influence over churchArminianoBoth Charles I and Duke of Buckingham convertedoSalvation through free willoRoyal authority over Church of England
oMore Catholic in practiceCharles I and the Parliament CrashLevied unpopular fiscal policiesoForced loan on landowners without Parliament’s consent paid within 3 monthsoImprisonment of gentleman who refused to pay upoConvoked 3 Parliaments, dissolving each when they refused to provide fundsPetition of Right (1628)oPetition by parliament in exchange for funds that was never enactedoKing would not attempt to impose loans without Parliament’s consentoNo gentleman arrested or imprisoned for not payingoDefined rights of Parliament as unalienable, condemned arbitrary arrest, martial law, and taxes without it’s consentoAgainst “innovation of religion” aka puritansCharles ruled without Parliament for 11 yearsoInflationoIncreased royal debtoKing exhausted creditoDid not want to give privileges to raise funds like his father James didoLead to a rebellion in ScotlandRebellion in ScotlandoKing seized land from Scottish noblesoImposed English book of Common Prayer on Scottish Presbyterian ChurchoNational Covenant = Scottish leaders that attack the pope and the prayer book and swear to defend their civil libertieso1639 = Charles demands city of London pay for the war, London agrees on the condition that the King convene parliament and allow it to sit for a reasonable period of timeo1640 = parliament summoned for 2 months then dissolvedo

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture