Lecture - 1 Rise of sub-Discipline of Physical Biological...

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1. Rise of sub-Discipline of Physical Biological Anthropology(1/11/08) a. Developed in the 19 th century as b. Physical anthropology bc data was physical fossils c. Paul broca founded an anthropological society(1859) d. After Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Darwin, many referred to the discipline as biological anthropology e. Further shaped by f. Included Carolus Linnaeus Taxonomic classification(1778) g. Franz Boas i. Father of anthropology ii. Looked at humans with a cold eye iii. Looked at their biology and covered full view of humans h. Focus i. Biological evolution ii. Genetic inheritance iii. Human adaptability and iv. Variation and diversity of population i. The First Humans i. Charles Darwin 1. 1859 Origin of Species a. Designated mechanisms of evolution (Natural Selection) 2. 1871 The Descent of Man a. Africa i. Evolution came from Africa b. No reliance on supernatural c. Linked-Hypothesis( the appearance of each feature was linked to all the others) i. Bipedalism ii. Technology iii. Large Brain j. Early 20 th Century i. People comfortable with fossils ii. People conscious of nationalism 1. Germany: Neanderthal 2. France: Cro-Magnon 3. Netherlands: Eugene Dubois’s discovery of fossil in central Java that he called Pithecanthropus erectus k. Interpretation of these fossils i. Argument ii. Body developed first vs. brain developed firs
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1. Neanderthal had a large brain however stooped over and looked primitive.
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Lecture - 1 Rise of sub-Discipline of Physical Biological...

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