ANTH FINAL REVIEW

ANTH FINAL REVIEW - Nov. 14 "A Garden of Eden in...

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Nov. 14 “A Garden of Eden in Decay” A dessert and beverage economy Coca-Colanization Petrotiasis 1960s time of great optimism 1970s bitter reality Because of abundance in society no need to change their ways embraced colonial taste at cost of own independence Exporting crops in the midst of starvation They only produce the export crops With colonialism came the desert and beverage economy At the expense of fundamental food needs Dependence and decay major problems after end of colonialism Decay of schools crumbling of walls Cash economy created wage labor but where there are do jobs there is no money Double sickness of things falling apart Canadians cam to help but lead to problems ecological and social, suffered in of pastoralist Pastoralist- too backward to survive Canadians technological nit ness need, because Tanzanians don’t live by bread DROUGHT AND CITY MAJOR HRETS TO FARMING Coca Colanization-moving to city, making a living there Alcohol root of evil in Sudan Nigeria and Oil - the trial and hanging of environmentalist Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight other members of the Ogoni made world-wide attention, so did the non-violent protest of the Ogoni people - Oil, which could potentially have allowed Nigeria to be one of the wealthiest countries in Africa has instead led it to become one of the poorest - Transnational oil corporation have been fighting over the “dark nectar” in the delta region, immense poverty and environmental destruction have resulted - As a result of the oil companies: o Farming and fishing have become impossible or extremely difficult in oil- affected areas, and even drinking water has become scarce o Additional adverse effects on the local economy by expatriate oil worker - Story of oil problem is crude in Nigeria but in USA and Europe oil companies are known as a “positive force” in Nigeria, providing much needed economic development resources, the reality that was quite the opposite o Companies employed inadequate environmental standards, public health standards, human rights standards and relations with affected communities. o Oil companies act as a destabilizing force, pitting one community against another, and acting as a catalyst—together with the military with whom they work closely to some of the violence racking the region today o The military have been accused of thousands of killings, house/village burnings, intimidating people, torture, etc. The Niger delta region is the richest area of biodiversity in Nigeria, but regular oil spills that are not cleaned up, blatant dumping of industrial waste and promises of development projects which are not
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followed through, have added to the increasing environmental and health problems o Shell companies have worsened fighting in the Niger Delta through payments for land use, environmental damage, corruption of company employees and reliance on Nigerian security forces Nov.16
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course ANTH 226 taught by Professor Daniels during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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ANTH FINAL REVIEW - Nov. 14 "A Garden of Eden in...

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