8ACCSATDictionary1.doc

8ACCSATDictionary1.doc - English 8 Accelerated Week 1 SAT...

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English 8 Accelerated – Week 1 SAT Definitions 1. abdicate | ˈ abdi ˌ kāt| verb [ intrans. ] (of a monarch) renounce one's throne : in 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated as German emperor | [ trans. ] Ferdinand abdicated the throne in favor of the emperor's brother. • [ trans. ] fail to fulfill or undertake (a responsibility or duty) : the government was accused of abdicating its responsibility | [ intrans. ] the secretary of state should not abdicate from leadership on educational issues. DERIVATIVES abdication noun ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: from Latin abdicat- ‘renounced,’ from the verb abdicare , from ab- ‘away, from’ + dicare ‘declare.’ Thesaurus abdicate verb 1 the king abdicated in 1936 resign, retire, stand down, step down, bow out, renounce the throne; archaic demit. antonym be crowned. 2 Ferdinand abdicated the throne resign from, relinquish, renounce, give up, surrender, vacate, cede; Law disclaim; formal abjure. antonym accede to. 3 the state abdicated all responsibility for their welfare disown, reject, renounce, give up, refuse, relinquish, repudiate, abandon, turn one's back on, wash one's hands of; forgo, waive; formal abjure; literary forsake. antonym accept, take on. 2. abet | ə ˈ bet| verb ( abetted , abetting ) [ trans. ] encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular, to commit a crime or other offense : he was not guilty of murder but was guilty of aiding and abetting others. • encourage or assist someone to commit (a crime) : we are aiding and abetting this illegal traffic. DERIVATIVES abetment noun abettor (also abetter ) noun ORIGIN late Middle English (in the sense [urge to do something good or bad] ): from Old French abeter , from a- (from Latin ad ‘to, at’ ) + beter ‘hound, urge on.’ Thesaurus abet verb I refused to abet the neighbors in their scheme to sabotage the construction site assist, aid, help, lend a hand to, support, back, encourage; cooperate with, collaborate with, work with, connive with, collude with, go along with, be in collusion with, be hand in glove with, side with; second, endorse, sanction; promote, incite, champion, further, expedite. antonym hinder.
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3. abeyance | ə ˈ bā ns| ə noun a state of temporary disuse or suspension : matters were held in abeyance pending further inquiries. • Law the position of being without, or waiting for, an owner or claimant. DERIVATIVES abeyant adjective ORIGIN late 16th cent.(in the legal sense): from Old French abeance ‘aspiration to a title,’ from abeer ‘aspire after,’ from a- ‘toward’ + beer ‘to gape.’ Thesaurus abeyance noun expansion plans for the middle school are in abeyance in suspension, in a state of suspension, in a state of dormancy, in a state of uncertainty, in remission; pending, suspended, deferred, postponed, put off, put to one side, unresolved, up in the air; informal in cold storage, on ice, on the back burner. See note at latent .
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