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8ACCSATDictionary20-5.doc - English 8 Accelerated Week 20...

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English 8 Accelerated – Week 20 SAT Definitions 287. phlegmatic |fleg’matik| adjective (of a person) having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition. DERIVATIVES phlegmatically adverb ORIGIN Middle English (in the sense [relating to the humor phlegm] ): from Old French fleumatique , via Latin from Greek phlegmatikos , from phlegma ‘inflammation’ (see phlegm ). Thesaurus phlegmatic adjective I come from a very demonstrative, emotional Italian family—I can't remember one phlegmatic moment from my childhood calm, cool, composed, 'calm, cool, and collected', controlled, serene, tranquil, placid, impassive, imperturbable, unruffled, dispassionate, philosophical; stolid, dull, bland, unemotional, lifeless; informal unflappable. antonym excitable. 288. pious |’pīəs| adjective devoutly religious. • making a hypocritical display of virtue : there'll be no pious words said over her. • [ attrib. ] (of a hope) sincere but unlikely to be fulfilled. • (of a deception) with good or religious intentions, whether professed or real. • archaic dutiful or loyal, esp. toward one's parents. DERIVATIVES piously adverb piousness noun ORIGIN late Middle English : from Latin pius ‘dutiful, pious’ + -ous . Thesaurus pious adjective 1 a pious family religious, devout, God-fearing, churchgoing, spiritual, prayerful, holy, godly, saintly, dedicated, reverent, dutiful, righteous. antonym irreligious. 2 pious platitudes sanctimonious, hypocritical, insincere, self-righteous, holier-than- thou, pietistic, churchy; informal goody-goody. antonym sincere. 3 a pious hope forlorn, vain, doomed, hopeless, desperate; unlikely, unrealistic.
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289. piquant |’pēkənt; -känt| adjective having a pleasantly sharp taste or appetizing flavor. • pleasantly stimulating or exciting to the mind. DERIVATIVES piquancy noun piquantly adverb ORIGIN early 16th cent. (in the sense [severe, bitter] ): from French, literally ‘stinging, pricking,’ present participle of piquer . Thesaurus piquant adjective 1 a piquant sauce spicy, tangy, peppery, hot; tasty, flavorful, appetizing, savory; pungent, sharp, tart, zesty, strong, salty. antonym bland. 2 a piquant story intriguing, stimulating, interesting, fascinating, colorful, exciting, lively; spicy, provocative, racy; informal juicy. antonym dull. 290. pithy |’piθē| adjective ( pithier , pithiest ) 1 (of language or style) concise and forcefully expressive. See note at terse . 2 (of a fruit or plant) containing much pith.
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