Near the End of Exile 10-29

Near the End of Exile 10-29 - Near the End of Exile: 2...

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Near the End of Exile: 2 Isaiah I. Historical Backdrop a. Exilic period: 586-539 BCE i. “Babylonian Period”- leaders of Judah were resident in Babylon b. Key Babylonian Rulers i. Nebuchadrezzar (604-562 BCE) 1. King of Babylon in both exiles 2. Very powerful and important, established Babylonia as major empire ii. Four kings in 7 years iii. Nabonidus (556-539 BCE), final king of Babylon 1. Was defeated by Persian king Cyrus in 539 which effectively put an end to Babylonian empire, and ended captivity. c. Cyrus and the Persians i. Cyrus becomes King of Persia in 559 BCE ii. Unites with Medes in 550 BCE iii. Defeats Babylonians and captures Nabonidus 539 BCE iv. Establishes Persian Empire, which lasts until Alexander the Great, 332 BCE v. Allows return of exiles: Ezra 1:1-4 1. Many stayed in Babylon- became assimilated to Babylonians 2. Persians worked with the people- allowed them to develop their own forms of worship, gov’ts, traditions, to breed loyalty toward Persia. II. The Book of Second Isaiah i. Produced around end of exilic period b. In relation to 1 Isaiah i. Two different authors ii. Throughout most of 1
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course RELI 103 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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Near the End of Exile 10-29 - Near the End of Exile: 2...

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