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Running head: ASTHMA AND STEPWISE MANAGEMENT1Asthma and Stepwise ManagementWalden UniversityAdvanced PharmacologyNURS 6521
ASTHMA AND STEPWISE MANAGEMENT2Asthma and Stepwise ManagementAsthma is referred to as a condition in which the airways narrow and swell, and an excessproduction of mucus is seen (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017). These symptoms cause difficulty breathing, create coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Some people experience minor symptoms, others can experience major problems that arelife-threatening and may interfere with activities of daily living. Asthma is not curable, however,the symptoms can be controlled. Working with the patient’s provider to track signs and symptoms is key to adjusting the treatment plan accordingly. Some signs and symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, chest tightness or pain, difficulty sleeping due to shortness ofbreath, wheezing, and coughing (Arcangelo et al., 2017). The goal of this paper is to describe long-term control and quick-relief treatment options for asthma patients. A description of the impact these drugs might have on patients, a review of the stepwise approach to asthma treatment and management. Finally, to discuss how stepwise management assists health care providers and patients in gaining and maintaining control of asthma.Treatment OptionsAsthma medications and doses are determined by the patient’s age, symptoms, the severity of asthma and the medication side effects (Mayo Clinic, 2017). Long-term control medications are treatments that are to be taken on a regular basis to help control chronic symptoms and prevent attacks (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Some long-term treatment options include inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), leukotriene modifiers, long-acting beta-agonists (LABA), theophylline, and combination inhalers that contain both a corticosteroid and a LABA (Mayo Clinic, 2017). Quick-relief medications are taken as needed for rapid, short-term relief of symptoms, and mostly used to prevent and treat an asthma attack (Arcangelo et al., 2017).
ASTHMA AND STEPWISE MANAGEMENT3Quick-relief treatment options include short-acting beta agonists (SABA) like Albuterol, Atrovent, oral and intravenous (IV) corticosteroids for serious asthma attacks.