Big Questions Slides.pdf - SYLLABUS Introduction to...

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SYLLABUS Introduction to Philosophy – PISE 2015/2016 Marco Sgarbi [email protected] Writing Philosophy The Rules of Good Writing in Philosophy Indirect Styles Logic Deduction Induction Criticizing Arguments Informal Fallacies Inappropriate Arguments Philosophical Questions What is Philosophy? The Meaning of Life What Kind of Meaning? The Meanings of Life God Believing in God Gods and Goddesses The Traditional Western Conceptions of God The Problem of Evil Faith and Reason: Grounds for Believing Religious Tolerance: Ritual, Tradition, and Spirituality The Nature of Reality The Real World What Is Most Real? The First Metaphysicians Early Nonphysical Views of Reality Plato’s Forms
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Aristotle’s Metaphysics Mind and Metaphysics Idealism Teleology The Search for Truth What Is True? Kinds of Truth Rationalism and Empiricism The Presuppositions of Knowledge Skepticism Knowledge, Truth, and Science The Nature of Truth Rationality Subjective Truth and the Problem of Relativism Self The Essential Self The Self and Its Emotions The Egocentric Predicament The Mind-Body Problem Other Theories of the Self Freedom Freedom and the Good Life Free Will and Determinism Morality and the Good Life The Good Life Egoism Versus Altruism Morality and Theories of Morality Duty-Defined Morality Consequentialist Theories Aristotle and the Ethics of Virtue Feminist Ethics: The Ethics of Care Morality—Relative or Absolute? Friedrich Nietzsche and the Attack on Morality Justice and the Good Society Morals and Society The Nature of Society Who Should Rule? The Question of Legitimacy Anarchism, the Free Market, and the Need for Government
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What Is Justice? The Meaning of Equality The Origins of Justice and the Social Contract Justice beyond Our Borders Rights and the Self Justice Denied: The Problem of Race Sexual Politics: The Rise of Feminist Philosophy Non-Western Philosophy Beyond the Western Tradition The Challenges of Broadening Our Horizons Other Cultures, Other Philosophies Beauty Aesthetics Beauty and Truth Enjoying Tragedy Arguing About Taste Art, Ethics, and Religion Why Is It Art? The Aesthetics of Popular Culture
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Metaphysics : the theory of reality and the ul0mate nature of all things. The aim of metaphysics is a comprehensive view of the universe, an overall worldview. One part of metaphysics is a field some0mes called ontology , the study of “being,” an [email protected] to list in order of priority the various sorts of en00es that make up the universe. Ethics : the study of good and bad, right and wrong, the search for the good life , and the defense of the principles and rules of morality. It is therefore some0mes called moral philosophy , although this is but a single part of the broad field of ethics. Epistemology : the study of knowledge, including such ques0ons as “What can we know?” and “How do we know anything?” and “What is truth?” Logic : the study of the formal structures of sound thinking and good argumenta0on. The proper science of reasoning.
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