test 2 review - Key Concepts 3 1) Population geographers...

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Key Concepts 3 1) Population geographers depend on a wide array of data sources to assess the geography of populations. The most important of these are censuses , while other sources include vital records and public health statistics. 2) Population geographers are concerned with the same sorts of questions that other population experts address, but differ from demographers by asking about “the why of where.” Why do particular aspects of population growth and change (and problems) occur where they do, and what are the implications of these factors for the future of places? 3) Two of the most important factors that make up population dynamics are birth and death. Crude birth and crude death rates measure population change, so population geographers also look at factors such as the particular experiences of certain age cohorts in age-sex pyramids or race cohorts to understand how those factors influence birth and death rates. 4) A crucial force in population change is migration , or the movement of populations. The push factors that force populations from particular locations as well as pull factors that cause them to move to new areas are key to understanding new settlement patterns. Population migration may not always be a matter of choice. Migration is one of the most important factors affecting the distribution of world population today. For some countries whose birth rates are especially low, migration is one way of reversing that trend. 5) The demographic transition is a model of population change in which high birth and death rates are replaced by low birth and death rates. Once a society moves from a preindustrial economic base to an industrial one, population growth slows. According to the demographic transition model, the slowing of population growth is attributable to improved economic production and higher standards of living brought about by better health care, education, and sanitation. 6) Perhaps the most pressing question facing scholars, policymakers, and other interested individuals is: How can the global economy provide the world’s growing population with enough food and safe drinking water and a sustainable environment so that all the world’s people have the basic necessities for enjoying happy, healthy, and satisfying lives? The most recent approach to limiting population growth is to look toward sustainable economic development as a way of limiting births and ensuring an improved quality of life. Key Concepts 5 1) Geographers have been focused upon culture as it shapes the characteristics of a place, while the geography of a place shapes the culture. The subfield of cultural geography focuses on how space, place, and landscape shape culture, and vice versa. Your text employs two broad categories of culture: & folk culture - comprised of traditional practices, practiced by small groups. ± popular culture - comprised of heterogeneous tastes, often changing, practiced by the masses.
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course GEOG 1101 taught by Professor Connor during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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test 2 review - Key Concepts 3 1) Population geographers...

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