{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

test 2 review - Key Concepts 3 1 Population geographers...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Key Concepts 3 1) Population geographers depend on a wide array of data sources to assess the geography of populations. The most important of these are censuses , while other sources include vital records and public health statistics. 2) Population geographers are concerned with the same sorts of questions that other population experts address, but differ from demographers by asking about “the why of where.” Why do particular aspects of population growth and change (and problems) occur where they do, and what are the implications of these factors for the future of places? 3) Two of the most important factors that make up population dynamics are birth and death. Crude birth and crude death rates measure population change, so population geographers also look at factors such as the particular experiences of certain age cohorts in age-sex pyramids or race cohorts to understand how those factors influence birth and death rates. 4) A crucial force in population change is migration , or the movement of populations. The push factors that force populations from particular locations as well as pull factors that cause them to move to new areas are key to understanding new settlement patterns. Population migration may not always be a matter of choice. Migration is one of the most important factors affecting the distribution of world population today. For some countries whose birth rates are especially low, migration is one way of reversing that trend. 5) The demographic transition is a model of population change in which high birth and death rates are replaced by low birth and death rates. Once a society moves from a preindustrial economic base to an industrial one, population growth slows. According to the demographic transition model, the slowing of population growth is attributable to improved economic production and higher standards of living brought about by better health care, education, and sanitation. 6) Perhaps the most pressing question facing scholars, policymakers, and other interested individuals is: How can the global economy provide the world’s growing population with enough food and safe drinking water and a sustainable environment so that all the world’s people have the basic necessities for enjoying happy, healthy, and satisfying lives? The most recent approach to limiting population growth is to look toward sustainable economic development as a way of limiting births and ensuring an improved quality of life. Key Concepts 5 1) Geographers have been focused upon culture as it shapes the characteristics of a place, while the geography of a place shapes the culture. The subfield of cultural geography focuses on how space, place, and landscape shape culture, and vice versa. Your text employs two broad categories of culture: ° folk culture - comprised of traditional practices, practiced by small groups.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern