Kamm Review - Review Exam #3 181-91 Post Julio-Claudian and...

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Review Exam #3 181-91 Post Julio-Claudian and Flavian dynasties Able men were able to make their way to the very top from modest beginnings, and if allowed to reign without internecine upheaval, could do so with as much insight and flair as any of the Caesars Appointed Nerva- the First time the senate made its own choice of emperor Nerva was 65 Performed wisely and courageously Vowed publicly that he would never execute a member of the senate Adopted as his son and joint ruler, the commander in Upper Germany, Marcus Ulpius Trajanus Set important precedent by nominating Trajan as his successor Trajan Born in AD 52 Emperor in AD 98 Established that the senate would always be kept informed about what was going on Sovereign right to rule was compatible with freedom for those who were ruled Brilliant general Good person to work for Victory over the Dacians in AD 103; determined to subdue the troublesome Parthians Died on way back to Rome in AD 117 having left his chief-of-staff Publius Aelius Hadrianus in charge of situation in the east Hadrian Claimed Trajan had adopted him on his deathbed In the face of widespread revolts in regions which Trajan had conquered, Hadrian abandoned the recent acquisitions in the east and settled down to restore general order throughout the empire and to consolidate the administration at home Because of distances, difficulties of communication, and widely differing circumstances, central government from Rome was well- nigh impossible, and provincial governors were largely left to their own devices
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Liberal-mindedness did not extend to the Jews: forbidding Jewish practices, including circumcision, and by proposing a shrine to Jupiter on the site in Jerusalem where the ancient Jewish temple had stood before it was gutted and demolished by Titus Died in AD 138 Adopted in his place Antoninus, and at same time restricted the choice of the next emperor after Antoninus to Lucius Verus or Antoninus’s own nephew Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Antoninus “Their united reigns are possibly the only period in history in which the happiness of a great people was the sole object of government” Hadrian left the administration in such good order that the 23 years of the reign of Antoninus who died in AD 161 are remarkable for lack of incident Hadrian’s globe trotting missions allowed Antoninus to use the reports to govern and he was able to spend most of his time in Rome Eastern boundary of upper Germany was advanced and strengthened; in Britain, a fortified turf wall, 60 km long was built right across the country from the river Clyde to the Forth, some way north of Hadrian’s wall In his lifetime Antoninus fully justified the honorific surname of Pius, bestowed on him by the senate Marcus Aurelius Philosopher emperor Had to spend most of his time in the field at the head of his armies, on
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course CC 302 taught by Professor Galinsky during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Kamm Review - Review Exam #3 181-91 Post Julio-Claudian and...

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