3. RELI_1001_God__Man_and_Mortality.docx - RELI 1001 God Man and Morality Do all people called Jews practice Judaism 1 No those are called Judaists a

3. RELI_1001_God__Man_and_Mortality.docx - RELI 1001 God...

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RELI 1001: God, Man and Morality Do all people called Jews practice Judaism? 1) No; those are called Judaists a) There are Judaists who are not Jews 2) Jews: ethnic group that may or may not practice Judaism Introduction 1) Views of ancient Judaism have had a profound influence on Western civilization a) Especially the essential questions of life 2) Did the influence arise because of the Jews importance? a) No, the Jews were a distinctly marginal people; their nationhood, their land, and their history Humble Beginnings 1) In time they emerged as a people later than the great civilizations of the Middle East a) Great empires of Egypt, Sumner, Akkad, and Phoenicians had already began to flourish b) It was a small nomadic tribe, unimpressive Main Patriarchs: Abraham Isaac Jacob/Israel Moses (descendant of Levi) Matriarchs: Sara Rebekah Rachel Leah Humble Beginnings 1) Abraham leaves Ur and the Chaldees for Canaan 2) Abraham goes down Egypt because of Famine 3) Abraham’s descendants: Children of Israel (Jacob) are subjected to slavery and adopt pagan rituals 4) Moses lead them out of slavery into the desert; writes down 10 Commandments 5) They wander in the desert for 40 years according to the Hebrew Bible 6) Joshua and Judges record a bloody conquest of Canaan Location and History 1) In location: settle Canaan which has been called “a mild and monotonous land” a) 1/8 size of Illinois b) Land was unimpressive Key to their Influence 1) Neither the degree of their ancientness as a people, nor in their land, nor in their history 2) Key is in the degree to which the Jews sought and were concerned with the question of “meaning” + spread of these ideas 3) We can examine their search for meaning in 8 areas a) God
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b) Creation c) Human Existence d) History e) Mortality f) Justice g) Suffering h) Messianism God 1) There had to be an “other” a) Humans came into existence by a cause beyond humans – an “other” b) Human power is limited, there must be a greater power, namely the power of the “other” 2) Is the “other” meaningful? a) The Jews decided that the “other” was meaningful. Not unconcerned, chaotic, amoral, or hostile. b) God was personal. c) God has one supreme will. d) God is just and moral; source of motivation for humans to be just e) God is anthromorphic, has human qualities but not bad qualities f) God is one Shema 1) Deuteronomy 6:4-9 a) “Hear O Israel, the Lord Our God, the Lord is One. And thou shalt love the lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be upon thy heart; and thou shalt teach them diligently to unto thy children and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thy house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thy hand, and they shall be for frontlets between thine eyes. And thou shalt write them upon the doorposts of the houses and upon thy gates.” b) Orthodox Jews do not write the name of God (ie. G-d or G.) Tefflin 1)
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