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The Reconstruction Era LectureHIST:  1301The lecture shown below is to be used for reference only.  Although it answers the third exam essay question and exceeds the expectations set by the state guidelines, it is much too long.  I expect students’ essays to be at least 300 words and 15 complete thoughts, as explained in the Essay Instructions.  The written lecture below, along with information found in the text, should provide more than enough information to create a workable essay.THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA - WHAT WENT WRONG?There are some estimates that reveal more American deaths occurred during the Civil War than all other American wars combined (including the Persian Gulf War) some 600,000 +  The war left a legacy of ruin and desolation for the South, as a result of the northern invasion. However, at the conclusion of the Civil War, the threat of permanent national dismemberment was ended.  The Civil War fused the nation into a more solid social and economic whole, and it helped to create a national banking system, a new currency, a transcontinental railroad, and a new society committed to the values of industrial expansion.  Most importantly, the war destroyed slavery, replacing rigidly prescribed racial relations with a system that was at least subject to reform and improvement. On the other hand, the end of slavery meant the destruction of the Southern labor system and most of its economic support structure. In turn, both sides in the Civil War harbored deep resentments which were central to the political struggles of the Reconstruction Era.  Consequently, the American people during the Reconstruction Era were faced with the great task of physical, political, and emotional restoration for twelve years.  The problems faced and decisions made during those years continue to cause controversy today.  For example, the Reconstruction Era produced three great amendments that continue to provoke civil rights debates, and equally as remarkable, the decisions made then gave black people, especially women, their first taste of freedom and political responsibility. On the darker side, however, Reconstruction also produced a legacy of sectional hatred that has held back blacks and whites until moderntimes.I.ISSUES AND ATTITUDES.  The main issues most Americans had to deal with after 1865 involved the role of free blacks in the restored Union and under what conditions was the North to let the South back in the Union.  Five different points of viewreflected the sectional attitudes of Reconstruction.

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Term
Winter
Professor
Ms. Navdeep Kaur Kular
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