CHAPTER 18 VOCABULARY.docx - CHAPTER 18 Gilded Age...

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CHAPTER 18Gilded Age (1860-1896)An era of dramatic industrial industrial and urban growth characterizedby widespread political corruption and loose government oversight ofcorporations.tenementsShabby, low-cost inner-city apartment buildings that housed the urbanpoor in cramped, un-ventilated apartments.new immigrantsWave of newcomers from southern and eastern Europe, including manyJews, who became a majority among immigrants to America after1890.nativistsNative-born Americans motivated by racial prejudice who blamedimmigrants for social or economic problems and sought to to restricttheir access to America.Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)Federal law that barred Chinese laborers from immigrating to America.Social DarwinismThe application of Charles Darwin's theory of evolutionary naturalselection to human society; Social Darwinists used the concept of
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