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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Times vary greatly among individuals; however, if one is not taking antiretroviral treatment, it is estimated that HIV will progress into AIDS in ten years (The State of West Virginia, 2016). The purpose of this discussion is to explain whether I believethe prevalence of HIV cases might attribute to complacency due to more advanced drug treatment options. I will elaborate on how health care professionals can help change the perceptions and increase awareness of the disease. Lastly, strategies will be given on how to educate HIV positive patients on medication adherence as well as safe practices while protecting the public. Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold (2017) revealed posivitivty regarding HIV diagnosis and treatment. However, the rates of HIV infected individuals continue to increase although maintenace on antiretrovirals have shown to decrease morbidity and mortality rates. I believe complacency is attributed to the individuals who are still being diagnosed with HIV and the number of people who are dying each year due to the number of indivudals not following drug regimens. HIV was recognized over thirty-five years ago as a public health issue. Studies show that when HIV first came to the surface it was one of the most urgent health care problems.