GHwksht#2.docx - Student Name GCH 205 001 Fall 2017...

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Student Name: GCH 205 – 001 Fall 2017 Professor Collins Exam #2 Study Guide/ GH Worksheet #2 Due: Friday, November 3 rd , 2017 @ 11:59pm INSTRUCTIONS: DO NOT DIRECTLY COPY INFORMATION FROM THE POWERPOINTS. I WILL KNOW.UTILIZE THE BOOK AND NOT JUST HE PPTS TO SUPPLEMENT AND FULLY ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS. THIS IS AN ACTUAL ASSIGNMENT. Part I) Exam #2 Study Guide Content: Chapters 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16 Chapter 7: Environmental Health What are the related Millennium Development Goals? o Ensure environmental stability What are the 3 main environmental risk factors affecting low and middle income countries? o Indoor smoke from solid fuels o Unsafe water, hygiene & sanitation o Urban outdoor air pollution Global Burden of Disease Study main results o 15% off all people in the die from unimproved water, poor sanitation, outdoor air pollution, household air pollution, and lead. o Environmental risk factors account for 25–33% of global burden of disease. o Environmental factors can impact up to 80% of diseases that WHO regularly reports on. What are the 3 levels of Environmental Health Determinants? Definitions and examples of each. o Household - lead o Community – lack of safe water treatment o Global – climate change What are the 3 Major Environmental Risk Factors? Definitions, Burden of Disease (DALYS, Mortality, other rates), examples of each, and methods to reduce BOD and causes/source of health condition(s). o Household- Definition- Burden- Methods to reduce- Causes- o Community- Definition- Burden- Methods to reduce- Causes- o Global-
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Definition- Burden- Methods to reduce- Causes- What is a temperature inversion and why is it harmful to population health? Who are the most at risk for complications as a result of a temperature inversion? o When warm air gets trapped between cold air and creates lowered smog effect. The elderly, sick and young children/infants. Harmful particulates are higher than normal and this can be deadly. What is smog? A mixture of pollutants that comes from petroleum based fuels. What are the sources of air pollutants? o Carbon Monoxide, Lead, Nitrogen Dioxide & oxides, Ozone, Particulate matter, Smog, Sulfur Dioxide, & VOC’s List all types of transmission of infection routes and the definitions. o Waterborne - Pathogen in water that is drank o Waterwashed - Person to person transmission due to lack of water for hygiene purposes o Waterbased - Transmission from an intermediate aquatic host o Water related insect vector - Transmission from an insect that breed or bite near water sources List different types of pathogens and the definitions. o Protozoa - Any of a large group of one-celled organisms (called protists) that live in water or as parasites o Bacteria - are microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be found everywhere. They can be dangerous, such as when they cause infection, or beneficial, as in the process of fermentation (such as in wine) and that of decomposition.
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