Intro to Anatomy.pptx - Welcome to Human Anatomy and...

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Welcome to Human Anatomy and Physiology Introduction to Anatomy
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How to be successful in this class Read the objectives; use them to study Read the textbook to support what you learn in class Quiz and Exam questions will be based primarily on the objectives!
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Anatomy: Definition Anatomy refers to the study of the structure and interrelationship s of body parts Derived from… Ana – “apart” Tomy – “to cut” Objective 1
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Subdivisions of Anatomy Gross Anatomy Regional Systemic Surface anatomy Microscopic Anatomy Cytology Histology Pathological Anatomy Developmental Anatomy Embryology Fetology Radiographic Anatomy X-ray CAT PET MRI Ultrasound
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Gross Anatomy Anatomical study of structures that are large enough to be seen without the aid of magnification (heart, lung, bones) o Includes regional anatomy, systemic anatomy and surface anatomy
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Regional Anatomy Examination of all of the structures found within a particular area of the body Head Neck
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Regional Anatomy Thorax
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Hand Lower Appendage Regional Anatomy
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Systemic Anatomy Examination of all of the structures within a particular system of the body A organ system (11) consists of structures that work together to carry out a specific function of the body
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Integumentar y System Muscular System Skeletal System Nervous System Endocrine System Body Systems
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Cardiovascula r System Lymphatic System Respiratory System Digestive System Urinary System Reproducti ve System
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Surface Anatomy Study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin Is used to locate bones, muscles, blood vessels, organs etc.
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Microscopic Anatomy Anatomical study of structures that need magnification in order to be seen Include Cytology – study of cells Histology – study of tissues
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Cytology…… Squamous Cells Adipose Cell Skeletal Muscle Cells Sperm Cells
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Histology: 4 Types of Tissue Epithelia l Tissue Muscle Tissue Connecti ve Tissue Nerve Tissue
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Developmental Anatomy The study of structural changes that occur from conception through old age Developmental anatomy includes the following Embryology : anatomical changes from the third week through eight weeks of gestation Fetology : anatomical changes from the ninth week of gestation to the time of birth Embryo at 8 weeks Fetus at 14 weeks
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Developmental Anatomy
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Pathological Anatomy Study of structural changes that occur during a disease process (anatomic pathology) carbon monoxide poisoning Emphysema
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Osteosarcoma, bone Rheumatoid Arthritis
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Radiographic Anatomy Study of the structures of the body using various imaging techniques Includes: X-ray Computed Axial Tomography Positron Emission Tomography Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sonography
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