Class Notes - Chapter 26.pdf - Chapter 26: War and...

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Chapter 26: War and Revolution1914-1919Class Notes: Tuesday, December 22, 2015- ContinuedLong Term Causes: Formation of European AlliancesAllies formed in 1800seasier to go to warTriple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, ItalyItaly eventually switched sidesTriple Entente- France, Russia, BritainIS THE BALANCE OF POWER AN EFFECTIVE GUARANTEE OF PEACE?Wednesday, December 23, 2015Germany has unrestWants to be most powerful in EuropeConcerned about Russia & Austria - multiethnic empiresPeople may want independencepeople of Germany may want to breakfree alsoGermans have Slavic peoples - Russians may want to ally withthem for independenceBismarck is asked to resignWilliam II doesn’t renew alliance withRussia that was under BismarckRussia looked to France for allianceGermany was surrounded,fight two-sided warRussia wants to expand SouthGermany only has access to trade in theNorthIf the Germany doesn’t have access to the southcut off to warmwater port & Baltic Sea in the North freezes for part of the yearcannot trade for part of the yearGermany concerned with isolating France because they were mad aboutFranco-Prussian WarDoes not want them to gain strength & take back Alsace and LorraineGermany concerned about BritainBuildup of industriesnavies needed to protect trading shipsGermans build up navy as they get industrializedBritish seethis as a threat, building up naval fleetColonial tension - both nations want coloniesCrises Preceding World War I:Moroccan Crisis of 1905Most Favored Nation Status- Germany wanted to be able to trade thereSame trading rights that the French hadFrance had ability to control land there after Fashoda Crisisnot willing to giveGermany rights
Want the British to take Germany’s side - they might want MFN alsogang upagainst the French, isolate them furtherAlgeciras Conference(in Algeria) - settled dispute over how trade should bestructuredAgreed that Morocco is independentFrench are able to trade - special trade relationship thereFailure for GermanyMoroccan Crisis of 1911French tried to make Morocco aprotectorate- send military thereThreatening to other countries (especially Germany) - French set upmilitary bases in the areaeasier to fight with everyone else in the areaResults of the 2 Moroccan CrisesBritish don’t care - don’t do anything about itThey have the strongest navyhave the power to stop themOnly person who could stop thisBritain is not siding with Germany at allsiding with FranceDoes not isolate the French - brings Britain & France closer togetheragainst the GermansIsolates Germany even furtherGermany starts to grow paranoidWatched France - didn’t want them to seek revenge fromFranco-Prussian War (1871)They’re the ones getting isolated

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