Chemistry 38 Wednesday, December 6, 2006

Chemistry 38 Wednesday, December 6, 2006 - • Identify...

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Wednesday, December 06, 2006 Chemistry FUNCTIONAL GROUP Set of atoms that have specific reactivity They form classes of compounds Alcohols Isopropanol (rubbing alcohol) CH3 CH CH 3 OH Ethylene glycol (antifreeze) CH 2 CH 2 OH OH Glycerol CH 2 CH CH 2 OH OH OH Note: all names ends in “ol” Cholesterol Carbonyls O C Carboxylic acids O C R O H Have conjugate bases R=CH 3 – acetic (vinegar) R=C 6 H 5 – benzoic Na benzoate, a preservative
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Wednesday, December 06, 2006 Amines (from ammonia) R – N – R R R = C group or H Amino Acid H O Amine + Carboxylic acid H 2 N C C R OH GOALS Distinguish between Alkenes and alkenes Determine chemical formulas from skeletal structures Determine how many isomers of a compound exist
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Unformatted text preview: • Identify functional groups Wednesday, December 06, 2006 ORGANIC REACTIONS • How do most organic reactions work? Text: Sections 13.5 BOND FORMING REACTIONS Look for: Areas Interact Areas of + with of – • Cations * anions • + formal charge * - formal charge • δ + charge in polar bonds * δ - charge in polar bonds * lone pairs * multiple bonds ADDITION REACTIONS 1. Two reactants one product 2. Addition of a hydrogen halide to an alkene H-X + CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 CR 2 X X: Cl, Br, I R: C-containing H R C == C base H R H R H R H C C H C C R H R H X H-X acid δ+ δ-X...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course CH 101 taught by Professor Bigham during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

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Chemistry 38 Wednesday, December 6, 2006 - • Identify...

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