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CRJ 112 Midterm Study Guide Chapter 1What is the name of the 1st NYC area gang with a clear leadership structure?The Forty ThievesWhat term describes the political process that was formalized by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hi-dalgo and mandated that Mexicans living in the Southwest become naturalized US citizens.AnnexationThe Zoot Suit Riots reflected what phenomenon for Blacks and Latinos in the 1940s?StigmatizationIn Los Angeles, what ethnic group has seemed to attract the most attention among Asian gangs for their unique structure and activity?Vietnamese gangsWhat document was responsible for the drastic increase in the number and diversity of new im-migrants entering the United States since the 19th century?The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965Make sure you are aware of the stages in the "cycle of violence" that typifies much gang behav-ior. Write some notes about the process here.(know the stages of the cycle of violence) members have loose bonds to the gang, mobilizing event occurs, serves to mobilize gang activity and group becomes more alert and cohesive.Know the term that implies that gang members have different standards of conduct than non-gang members, which are often displayed during "cycles of violence.Code of the streetsOf the 19% of inmates classified as gang members in a 2009 Directors of Security survey, what is the proportion of inmates who were part of a gang before coming to prison compared to those who joined after arriving in prison?The number is equal to the proportion of those who join gangs after entering prisonBecause gangs provided some relief to residents in the form of safety and financial resources for necessities, what occurred in neighborhoods with high levels of gang involvement and drug traf-ficking?Residents reluctantly tolerated the increased violence associated with gang involvement and drug distribution. Brought economy to the area that may or may not existed otherwise. That gang trickles down to other businesses.Know what a "macrostructural" process is. Take notes about it here.Increase public housing, Permissive immigration policies, Barrio living
In what time period was the prevalence of gangs the highest?1990sGiven its designation as an "early warning" location for gang violence in California, San Fran-cisco is more likely than other cities to lead the development and dissemination of gang-related law enforcement intelligence. True or False?FalseThe Mexican community's reaction to the Sleepy Lagoon Murder of 1942 reflected acceptance ofthe suspect's conviction and sentencing outcomes. Is this a true or false statement?FalseThrasher found gangs in Chicago developed outside of "interstitial areas." Is this a true or false statement?FalseChapter 2Know the myths associated with gangs-1. Most gangs have a formal organization-2. Gangs of the same name are connected-3. Our gangs came from somewhere else-4. The MS-13 and M-18 gangs are spreading across the US-5. Gangs, drugs, and violence are inexorably linked-6. "wanna-be" is a "gonna-be"-7. Children are joining gangs at younger and younger ages