Sociology Test #2 Flashcards | Quizlet.pdf - Sociology...

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91 termsleaheileenSociology Test #2Generalized Others-Attitudes & expectations of society as a whole Example: Knowing what all people on a team aresupposed to doGoffman-Dramaturgical approach to social interaction-Views people as if they were theatre actors -"Life is a stage, we are all merely actors"ShakespeareImpression Management-Altering of the presentation of one's self tocreate a distinct appearance Example: making a good impressionFace-Work-The efforts of people to maintain a properimage & avoid public embarrassment Example: punching someone after you getrejected by someone at the barRites of Passage-Means of dramatizing & validating changes in aperson's status Examples: graduation, drinking age, etc.Anticipatory Socialization-Process of socialization in which a personrehearses for a future positionExample: wearing business clothes in COBAResocialization-Discarding former behavior patterns &accepting new ones as a part of a life transition Examples: Becoming a new parent, military,prison, etc.Degradation Ceremony-New members lose the aspects of their oldidentity & are given new identities Example: Seniors transitioning to nursing homes
Agents of Socialization1) Family (Social Group)2) Peer Groups (Social Group)3) School (Institutional)4) The Workplace (Institutional)5) Religion (Institutional)6) Government (Institutional)7) Mass Media (Institutional)Hidden Curriculum-Informal teaching done by schoolsExample: Valuing competition (field day)Moral Development-The way people learn what in society isconsidered to be "good" or "bad"-Kohlberg's Theory of Moral DevelopmentSocialization-Process through which people are taught to beproficient members of societyTotal Institutions-Institutions that regulate every aspect of aperson's life under a single authorityPrimary Group-A small group characterized by intimate face toface association & cooperation -Expressive FunctionExamples: Family, close friends, etc.Secondary Group-A formal, impersonal group in which there islittle social intimacy or mutual understanding -Instrumental functionExamples: Large class, all members of anorganization, all sociologistsOut-group-A group to which people feel they do notbelong -Often antagonistic relations between this groupand an in-groupIn-group-Any group/category to which people feel theybelong
-Develop feelings of superiority -Can be based in race, gender, etc.

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