Arc de Triomphe history.pdf - Arc de Triomphe The Arc de Triomphe was built in 1806 Napoleon Bonaparte the French Emperor wanted the capitol of his

Arc de Triomphe history.pdf - Arc de Triomphe The Arc de...

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Arc de Triomphe The Arc de Triomphe was built in 1806. Napoleon Bonaparte, the French Emperor wanted the capitol of his empire to be the most beautiful city in the world. After the French victory in the battle of Austerlitz he told his soldiers in the ‘Grande Armee’ that he wanted to honour them. He told his soldiers that they would return home through arches of triumph. On national holidays the arc is decorated with flags and is either the start of finish mark for parades. Jean Chalgrin was the architect that designed the arc. It is modeled after the Roman Arch of Constantine but is twice the size reaching 49m high, 45m wide, and 22m deep. It is the largest triumphal arch in the world. The walls are covered in sculptures and engraved with the names of 128 battles fought by the French Republic and Napoleon between 1792 and 1814. The walls also have the names of 558 generals who fought in the battles. Construction started in 1806 and it was finished in 1836 it took a total of 30 years
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Unformatted text preview: to build but was only worked on for 18 years. During the years of 1814 and 1826 construction was put on hold because of the abdication of Napoleon. The arc cost 9.3 million French francs to design and build. Napoleon had been dead for 15 years before the Arc de Triomphe was completed, it was finished under the rule of King Louis Philippe. In January 1921 a French soldier who fought and died during WW1 was buried next to a torch at the base of the Arc de Triomphe. Nobody knows who this soldier is so he is known as the Unknown Soldier, the torch is lit every evening at 6:30 p.m. to recall the sacrifice made by the soldiers during the war. Veterans lay wreaths decorated in red, white, and blue beside the torch. November 11, 1923 was the first time the torch was lit and everyday since then it has been rekindled by a member of the Committee of the Flame. ...
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  • Fall '08
  • History, Napoleon

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