Final Exam Notes.docx - WAVE 1 NOTES Overview of Cinema...

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WAVE 1 NOTES Overview of Cinema Motion Pictures - a series of pictures projected in rapid succession so as to produce the optical effect of a continuous picture in which the objects move Cinema - the art and technique of making and exhibiting motion pictures Motion Pictures, aka Movies/Films, are time-based works that combine image and sounds through the unique art of editing Cinema is not just limited to the films, but the venues in which the films are exhibited and the act of viewing itself. The Communal Experience One of the defining characteristics of Cinema is the way it is viewed. Form & Content Film content - what the film is about (the story) Film form - the design elements that communicate what the film is about Form: Camera angles and camera movement, shot sizes, lighting, production designs, actor performance, editing, sound, special effect Content Story, character, themes, settings, ideas, emotions, meanings It’s easy to try and separate form and content, but they are all part of a formal system that makes a film work They should always be thought of in relation to one another Story Progression: in time-based visual media, art principles of rhythm and movement are used to lead one image to the next Story is just ONE form of progression in cinema Films DO NOT require stories but storytelling is the most common use of the film medium Stories are self-contained, calculated patterns (not the randomness of life) that creates expectations for the viewers Basic Story Elements Beginning, middle, end Linear, cause-and-effect progression Protagonist / Goals / Motivation Antagonistic force Set ups and pay offs Story vs Plot Story
a narrative explanation of the events of a film The events of the story that are presented to you in the movie Plot the events that make up a story The causal and logical structure which connects events Plot is context, story is progression Drama exists between the plot points Drama is cinematic Cinema exists between the plot points Scene - all action that occurs with a contained time and place. When the time or location changes, so does the scene Sequence - a series of scenes which together form a distinct narrative unit. This can be connected by time, location, or action Coverage - all the shots that make up a single scene Shot - uninterrupted film time and space. The time between the camera rolls and cuts Frame- a single, still image. Most films are 24 frames per second. Types of Meaning Referential meaning - refers to reality outside of the film itself. The meaning is dependent upon cultural context as well as the viewer’s ability to recognize the reference. Explicit meaning - defined by context and is openly asserted in a film. Explicit meaning is clearly stated. “Point of the film” or “scene” Implicit meaning - often not openly stated in a film or work of art.

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