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EXAM 4 (ch 12-15) study guide.docx - BSC 2085 Final Exam...

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BSC 2085 Final Exam study guide (Chapters 12-15)Chapter 12 (Central Nervous System)What is the name of the structure that the spinal cord and the brain begins as?Namethe three primary brain vesicles and the contents contained within each vesicle.Namethe products of neural tube development.That does the neural tube divide into byweek 4?Name the meninges from most superficial to deepest.Which area containscerebrospinal fluid?What procedure retrieves CSF from the area surrounding the spinalcord?What is the name of the space outside of the dura mater that contains fat thatcushions the spinal cord?What is the blood-brain barrier and what is its main function?Be able to locate the lobes of the cerebrum and the divisions between each.Be able todescribe the location of the longitudinal fissure, transverse fissure, central sulcus, andlateral sulcus.oFissures are deep depressions in the brain and sulci are shallow depressionsbetween lobes of the brain.oGyri are elevated ridges (bumps) of the cerebral cortex.Sulci and gyri triple the surface area of the cerebral cortex.Name the ventricles of the brain.Which ventricle is found in the diencephalon?What isthe name of the membrane that separates the lateral ventricle?What is containedwithin the ventricles?What is the name of the structure that connects the third andfourth ventricle?Where is the central canal and what does it contain?Trace theproduction of the CSF in the choroid plexus and its flow of CSF through the ventricles,into the subarachnoid space and then returning into the venous blood via the arachnoidvilli.Name the major regions of the brain (HINT: be sure to study the tables that contain thenames of the major regions of the brain and their main functions).What is containedwithin the diencephalon?What is contained within the brain stem and what is itsfunction of each part?What part of the brain stem blends into the spinal cord?What is the function of the cerebrum?Know the 5 lobes of the brain and their mainfunctions.Below are listed the lobes of the brain and their functions:oFrontal – most anterior lobe of the cerebrum, location of primary motor cortex(conscious movements of the body), premotor area, Broca’s area, location ofintelligence, abstract reasoningoParietal – primary somatosensory cortex, somatic association areaoOccipital – most posterior lobe of the cerebrum, responsible for consciousperception of vision, visual association areaoTemporal – lateral lobe of the cerebrum, primary auditory cortexoInsula – located deep to the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes;gustatory (taste) area1

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Term
Spring
Professor
Naravane
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