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LECT 2 JAN 22.docx - Introduction part 2 FEDERALISM 1...

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Introduction part 2- FEDERALISM 1. FEDERAL PRINCIPLE- Separates power along two lines of government- national or central (the interest of the nation as a whole) and the provincial or state The power is shared between two equal branches of government The central government has more important powers than regional a. DIVISION OF POWER= “COORDINATE” Both those levels of government coordinate with each other Coordinated power is defined as different levels of government has different responsibilities They do different things They do not exist within an antagonistic relationship The three levels of government have different things to do, none superior to other The only institution that is superior is the constitution The federal principle is made real through the constitution that divides these powers b. TYPES OF POLITICAL ARRANGEMENTS Other liberal democracies have unitary centralized central government That power could be conferred to central govt through constitution In a unitary system the central govt has the authority to create provinces or states The existence of that state or province is the creature of that central govt This means that those states born of central govt have mandates, but the central govt carries with it an override for any decision made at the regional level This is a unitary system- there is only one supreme power- central government; regions or states do not have the real power The idea in the
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