HAP 445 Peanut Proposal.docx - Omneya Abbas Prof...

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Omneya Abbas Prof. Denise-Osborne Harrison HAP 445 February 25, 2018 Proposal to conduct a Research survey to INOVA Children’s Hospital for peanut allergies and the effect of early environmental peanut exposure increasing or decreasing children’s risk of developing peanut allergies for ages 5-10. Abstract An allergy to peanuts is among the most common food allergies found in children. Hence, it is not recommended for parents to give their children peanuts while their body is in the early stages of development. There is no evidence for health care providers on the effect of early- life environmental peanut exposure to allergies until a study is conducted. However, there is evidence that could help determine whether early exposure of peanut would increase the risk of developing peanut allergy. According to Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, “Questionnaires were completed before subjects were aware of their PA status, avoiding recall bias. Questionnaires recorded maternal peanut consumption during pregnancy, breast-feeding, and the first year of life. Peanut consumption was determined among all household members, allowing qualification of environmental household exposure.” (Fox n.d.) “This study aimed to establish the relevant route of peanut exposure in the development of allergy” (Fox n.d.). Health care providers have been informing parents to avoid peanut exposure from children until their body is developed enough to consume any products that are peanut-related. An analysis determines “high levels of environmental exposure to peanut during infancy appear to promote sensitization, whereas low levels may be protective in atopic children.

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