Riasonovksy 8,9,11.pdf - The Mongols and Russia Appeared in...

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The Mongols and Russia: Appeared in 1223 in southeastern Russia Destroyed Russians and Polovtsy in a battle near Kalka and then vanished Returned in 1237-1240 to conquer Russia Had a lot of rival tribes which were united under Temuchin--Jenghiz Khan Khan invaded the Chins (in Northern China) Conquered Muslim empires Made their way to Causcaus Divided his empire amongst his four sons His son Ugedey spread Mongol rule to various parts of the Cacasus, Bulgars, Russia, Persia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Korea, and all of China Empire ranged from central Europe to China Why Mongols were so successful: Highly mobile cavalry good endurance disciplined and coordinated manner of fighting which resembled a modern general system Espionage Terrorism Superior siege equipment borrowed from China Held territories with newly built roads, courier system, and crude census for taxation For the Mongols conquering Russia was a way to attack Europe Russian princes were disunited and unprepared 1241: Liegnitz in Silesia Mongols defeated the Poles and Germans Mongols occupied the Hungarian plain 1242: Batu retreats troops to focus on internal issues Golden Horde: domain of Mongol Empire and then later became an independent state
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