StudyGuide3o7[1]

StudyGuide3o7[1] - Study Guide for Test#3 The Modernization...

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1 Study Guide for Test #3 - The Modernization of Dance (Chapters 5&7)  1.  Two driving desires for a change of direction for dance in the 20 th  century were: 1.  To return to expressive motivation and personal vision 2.  To revolt against the formal design & patterned movement of ballet  2.  What influences an artist besides one’s individual impulse to express inner thought and feeling through  movement? Events and social issues in the larger world around them which compels dancers to comment about the  outer world in their work.  3.  The first glimmerings of modern dance began in       America         &        Germany       .    4.  What did Delsarte & Dalcroze, nineteenth century European movement  theorists, pioneer? New methods for understanding human movement Delsarte   (French) – developed a system of categorizing movement and a series of exercises to  develop freedom and relaxation, which were widely adopted by modern dancers Dalcroze  (Swiss) – created a systems for improving expressiveness and musicality known as  “eurhythmics” also called music visualization  5.  Rudolf von Laban devised systems of      analyzing          and     notating         dance and all movement - still in  use today!  6.  Mary Wigman’s works dealt with struggle between conflicting powers.  Sometimes she used masks.  What were her two innovative uses of music? She performed some of her dances in silence and other times performed to music created after the  choreography.  7.  Her student, Hanya Holm, opened a Wigman school in NYC, and became the first modern dancer to  successfully choreograph for what other genre? Broadway Musicals  8.  The Mother of Modern Dance,     Isadora Duncan        , received her inspiration from nature, inside herself and  ancient Greek art.  Her reasons for dancing were          Spiritual            and         Emotional     _.  
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  9.  What kinds of music did she choose for training & performance?  Costumes   & decor? For music she chose the finest symphonies and classical works at her disposal.  She stripped dance of  all ornamentation, including ballet technique, tutus, and all shoes.  For freedom of movement, she  chose a Greek tunic and bare feet.  She performed as a soloist with a simple blue curtain as a backdrop. 10.  Two other American pioneers of the modern dance movement were    Ruth St. Denis       Ted Shawn   .  They felt that this country was lacking way to teach the  integration of body and spirit the way they had observed of Indian, Japanese, and other Asian dance 
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