Discuss the contributions to the “human side of enterprise” as articulated by Elton Mayo, Chester
Barnard, Abraham Maslow, and Douglas McGregor. How does this organizational theory school of
thought differ from the classical and neoclassical schools of thought? In your opinion, which school of
thought is most applicable for public and/or nonprofit organizations and why?
The human side of enterprise was argued by Elton Mayo, Chester Barnard, Abraham Maslow, and
In their theories they are based on the informal and formal traditions which are
different from each other.
Formal theories claimed that workers were rational in the ways that they
acted and that their motivation was to maximize economic goals; however, informal theories looked
pass economic motivations and presented noneconomic needs of motivation and satisfaction
(Milakovich & Gordon, 2013).
The theorist Elton Mayo, Chester Barnard, Abraham Maslow, and Douglas
McGregor contributed to these aspects.
Elton Mayo took part in what was known as the Hawthorne
Studies which focused on how workers reacted to management, how working conditions affect work
ethic, and how social interactions between workers could affect job performance (Milakovich & Gordon,