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Chapter 5 Homework.docx - Week#5 Homework Questions Name...

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Week #5 Homework Questions Name Civil Rights We The People : Chapter 5 1. How does the concept of ‘civil rights’ differ from ‘civil liberties?’ Why were civil rights not included in the original Constitution? Trace how these rights developed through the course of American history that culminated in the adoption of the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments. Civil liberties are limitations on the government’s power, while civil rights are rules governing who may participate in the political process and regulate the ways the government can treat citizens. One reason for no be included was certain civil rights may conflict with particular liberties, mainly addressing slavery. Throughout the course of American history, civil rights have had a tough reputation. It started with the rights for slaves to vote as they fight for full citizenship. Slavery was so big in the south that they were fighting to abolish slavery laws. Hopes were reignited with the the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendment. African-Americans soon became politically active. Jim Crow laws were created in revolt of these amendments passing. This then lead to the Civil Rights Act of 1875. 2. Why did severe social inequality persist in America even after the Constitution was amended to prohibit it? Discuss how inequality was challenged and eventually overcome by the various social movements that arose in the century that followed the Plessy v. Ferguson decision. These social inequalities persisted because of the Jim Crow Laws enacted in the 1870s. The south was using this as a way to get back at the government for what they did to slavery. With this, each southern state criminalized intermarriage of the two races and implemented segregation. This got to the level of separate schools being created. After the Plessy v. Ferguson case, the NAACP was established in 1909. This organization was to help blacks have a political voice. The NAWSA was launched in 1878 and was shown effect when the Statue of Liberty was revealed in 1886. This group consisted of over 2 million member by 1917 and held mass meetings.
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