Exam 2 Study Guide.docx

Exam 2 Study Guide.docx - Gospel euangellion(the good news...

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Gospel: euangellion (the good news) Greek Hebrew speaking world ( basar , the Hebrew equivalent) This inscription is from a calendar, celebrating the reign of Caesar Augustus (also Virgil, Eclogue IV ) gospel is genre; The gospels are something like some literature of the first century Jewish—apocalypse, biography of a righteous individual, prophetic works Greek— bios , aretalogy (account of “divine man” ), tragedy Elements of the gospel: theological biography Those excluded from the NT called apocryphal gospels First labeled “apocryphal” by Irenaeus in reference to heretical texts about Jesus (l. 1 st century AD) The Gospel of Thomas (2 nd -3 rd c. AD) The Gospel of Peter (l. 2 nd c-early 3 rd c. AD) Those included in the NT called canonical gospels “Canon” refers to standards by which these writings are judged canonization was a process of confirmation of gospels already used widely in the churches, not open election reductionism (Marcion) , harmonization (Tatian) 1. Apostolicity —connection to an apostle
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