AP EURO Note Industrial.docx - Industrial Society in...

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Industrial Society in Europe -population and migration-population explosion in Europe leads more and more people to live in the cities -Life is tough in the city – inadequate housing and sanitation, disease and crime -In rural areas, serfdom is abolished in Prussia, Austria and Russia Railroads -Railways built in England, Belgium, France, and Germany -Easier and faster movement of people and products -Birth of even more industrialization (iron and steel industries) Labor -Split of workforce – some held steady jobs with good wages, others were the working poor who held jobs with low wages and poor conditions -Wage-labor force – proletarianization – workers’ labor becomes a commodity of the labor market place -the factory owner supplies the materials, while the workers contribute their labor for a wage -laborers subjected to rules, punishments, and scolding (lateness, drunkenness, etc.) -Guild System – an association of merchants or craftsmen that offered protection to its members and set rules for their works and products -Confection – goods, such as shoes, are produced in standard sizes rather than specifically for on customer -Led to more division of labor -Sometimes less wages and worker unrest British Chartism - Chartism – workers in Britain looking for social reform - Six Points of the charter – never passed y parliament -Split of Chartists between those who advocated violence and those who wanted to use peaceful means -Movement ends in 1848, when economy improves drastically in Britain 1) Universal Male Suffrage 2) Equal sized electoral districts 3) Voting by secret ballot 4) No property qualification 5) Pay for members of Parliaments 6) Annual Elections Early Factory System and the Family -In the early factory system, roles in the family stayed mainly the same; fathers employed their wives and children -Newer, easier to sue machines led to the employment of unmarried women and children in the factories
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