21. Assessing performance of educational and training systems .docx.pdf

21. Assessing performance of educational and training systems .docx.pdf

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SOCI 235 – Technology and Society Assessing performance of educational and training systems Germany system Often argued that advantage to their system is that they deliver young people rather directly to employment Pathways of Alberta Youth . Krahn and Hudson present picture of Alberta transitions of education Looked at high school graduates from 1996 in 2003 – they were around the age of 25 88% enrolled in post-secondary at some point 60% at least 1 post-secondary diploma o 32% university o 15% community college o 15% technical school o 4% certificate of apprenticeship Avg. = held 5.6 jobs, ½ when they were students o 50% been unemployed at least once – avg. duration of 6 months o 34% still not completed formal education by age of 25 o 71% employed in single job, 14% held multiple jobs, 6% unemployed and 9% ot of the labour force 1/3 thought they were overqualified for their jobs Students with post-secondary education had rate lower by 3% of unemployment than those without a post-secondary education 63% of total were working in managerial, professional, or skilled occupations – 70% of those with a post-secondary education Canadian performance re. apprenticeships: Laporte and Mueller – 2007 National Apprenticeship Survey o # of apprenticeships more than doubled between 1995 and 2007 – partly as result of increases in # of trades covered Reasons for failure of young enrolment in apprenticeships: perceived lack of job stability lower incomes lower status of blue collar occupations relative to the alternative lack of information unappealing looking workplaces cost of training to the trainee and employer Evidence suggests that proportion of apprentices completing their program has fallen from 10% in 1995 to 7% in 2007 Reasons for failure to complete an apprenticeship: apprentices are old – avg. age of 27 and have family responsibilities
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penalty for non-completion is often modest, training in first part of apprenticeship may yield all or almost all the pay increase the trainee is likely to secure Returns on all training outside of schools is likely to improve where the recipients have better cognitive skills OECD been involved in collection of cross-national data on cognitive skills 1. Program for international assessment of adult competence
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