Health Psych Lecture 4.docx - 1 Stress a Response to events that are thought to be challenging b Seen as main cause of psychological distress and

Health Psych Lecture 4.docx - 1 Stress a Response to events...

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1. Stress a. Response to events that are thought to be challenging b. Seen as main cause of psychological distress and physical illness c. Inevitable and not necessarily bad i. We achieve much because of stress ii. Does not always lead to illness 2. Cognitive Appraisal Approach a. Stress is something that happens to you i. Interpretive circumstances rather than objective b. Stress is how you think about things that happen to you c. What causes stress is something that happens to you which you think you cannot cope with d. Your personality and self esteem and the way you think about things e. 2 phases before stress response i. Primary appraisal 1. Focuses on whether event is potentially harmful to person a. Same situation can go through this and think differently ii. Secondary appraisal 1. If you have primary appraisal in which the event is potentially harmful 2. Can you deal with event? a. Do you have Abilities and resources to overcome event iii. Leads to physiological stress response if goes through both primary and secondary appraisal iv. Some people can experience physiological stress response without actually going through an event (can be thinking about the past and also possibilities) 3. Models of Stress and Illness: Hoe does stress get in body a. Different ways stress can affect health and functioning b. Illness behavior model i. Old model ii. Stress makes it appear we are sick when we are not iii. Behave like we are sick makes it appear there is a link between stress and illness iv. Stress enter sick role not that you get sick v. “faking it” and in our culture its more acceptable to say you cant do something because sick instead of saying you cant do something because you’re stressed c. Indirect Effect Model i. Called the illness and health behavior model ii. Stress indirectly affects health through behaviors we engage in because of stress iii. Drinking, smoking, eating more junk/unhealthy foods iv. When eat foods with high starch, fats, etc. it calms stress hormones and sympathetic system v. But when indulging in this because of chronic stress negative health outcomes vi. Undereating (2/3 overeat, and 1/3 under eat) differences in basal stress hormones vii. When people eat in response to stress fat cells in abdomen increases viii. People have less and lower quality social interactions d. Direct effect hypothesis
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  • Spring '07
  • Carelli
  • Sociology

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