Psycho Notes

Psycho Notes - Chapter 1 Applied psychology clinical...

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Chapter 1 Applied psychology: clinical psychology is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders Clinical psychology - the branch of psychology concerned 2ith the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders. WW2 psychologist helped treat veterans who had psychological problems as a result of the war. Clinical psychology receives institutional support. Over half of new PhDs were clinical psychologists Renewed interest in cognition and physiology Cognition - mental processes involved in attending to, interpreting, storing, and recalling information- E.g. Piaget, Chomsky, Simon Application of scientific methods to studying internal mental events Biological perspective - behavior explained in terms of physiological processes esp. those involving the nervous system. E.g. Olds , Sperry Cultural psychology Taking Human variation into Account Ethnocentrism - viewing one’s own group as superior and as the standard for judging. Historically, middle and upper class white males studied middle and upper class white males. Ignored women and ethnic minorities 1980’s- increased interest in how cultural factors influence behavior o Social movements o Growing global interdependence o Increased cultural diversity
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Growth of evolutionary perspective o Natural Selection - process by which inherited traits that confer a natural advantage (increase one’s likelihood to live and reproduce) become more prevalent in a population Central premise of evolutionary psych: natural selection occurs for behavioral, as well as physical characteristics. Significant breakthroughs that began to influence psychology Growth in 1980’s/90’s (Buss, Daly, Wilson, Cosmides, Tooby) o Studied natural selection of mating preferences, jealousy, aggression, sexual behavior, language, decision making, personality and development. o Positive Psychology Martin Seligman’s epiphany- his 5-year old daughter scolder her overachieving task- oriented father for being “grumpy” too much of the time. Provoked by his daughter’s criticism, he realized that his approach to live was overly and unnecessarily negative. He also recognized that the same assessment could be made of the field of psychology. This revelation inspired Seligman to launch an influential, new initiative within psychology that came to be known as the positive psychology movement Positive psychology- uses theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human existence. Humanist concerns revisited. Uses theory and research to better understand the positive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human existence. Focused on things that made life worth living.
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Crystal during the Fall '08 term at UGA.

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Psycho Notes - Chapter 1 Applied psychology clinical...

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