hs150 world civilization assignment 2.docx - ASSIGNMENT 03...

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ASSIGNMENT 03 Describe the conquests of Alexander the Great and analyze the legacy of his empire. Alexander the great possessed all traits in abundance. He went on to conquer much of southern Asia. Centuries before Alexander, numerous small city-states had emerged in the mountains and islands of Greece. Fiercely independent, these city- states had often clashed and occasionally cooperated. In the fifth century B.C.E., many banded together to fight off Persian invaders, but later they returned to warring among themselves. In the fourth century B.C.E., weekend by wars, they were conquered by the northern armies of Macedonia. United under the leadership of Alexander, the Greeks built a vast empire that included Egypt, Palestine, Mesopotamia, Persia, and north- western India. Although Alexander’s empire proved short lived, it spread Greek culture to all these regions, connecting far-flung realms to what would evolve into western civilization. Alexander was only 20 years old yet he was an experienced soldier at a very young age, who shared his father’s ambitions, with Greece subdued, he began organizing the forces needed to conquer Persia. By 334 B.C. he had enough ships to cross the Dardanelles, the strait separating Europe from Asia Minor. Alexander won his first victory against Persian at the Gracious River. He then moved from victory to victory, marching
through Asia Minor into the Palestine and south to Egypt. In 331 B.C. he took baby

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