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Running head: COMFORT THEORY CRITIQUE1Comfort Theory CritiqueSarah KiteMaryville University
COMFORT THEORY CRITIQUE2Comfort Theory CritiqueIntroductionA theory critique using Peggy Chinn and Maeona Kramer’s 2010 Comparison Critique Model. Chinn and Kramer designed seventeen questions to be used in the analyzation process of a theory, allowing for a critical reflection on, and an evaluation of said theory (Bobner, 2017). Asthe two are very well-known meta-theorists, they have been maturing their method for thirty-fiveyears and are currently in their eighth edition of the model (Bobner, 2017). The Comfort Theory is a middle-range theory by Katharine Kolcaba will be analyzed andcompared throughout the paper, utilizing research articles, publications, websites, and peer-reviewed journals. This theory was chosen because I feel that I utilize this theory every day in my nursing practice and would like to understand it more clearly as well as know that it is supportive and congruent with today’s research. It is said that the structure of comfort can be complex in nature, but nurses on the front line of care can tackle this multidimensional, personal experience with ever-changing degrees of concentration (Kolcaba, 1992).PurposeKatharine Kolcaba was a nurse on an Alzheimer's and Dementia unit while going to graduate school; in her coursework, she began to theorize about the results of comfort care for patients (Kolcaba, 2003). Kolcaba (2003) summarized that comfort and comfort care for patients can be complicated but they are individualized, holistic concepts in general. The Theory of Comfort was established when Katharine Kolcaba organized a concept analysis of comfort that reviewed information derived from varying disciplines in healthcare, including nursing (Petiprin,2016). ”After three forms of comfort and four contexts of holistic human experience were introduced, a taxonomic structure was created to guide for the assessment, measurement, and
COMFORT THEORY CRITIQUE3evaluation of patient comfort”(Petiprin, 2016, para. 2). Kolcaba (2011), states that comfort is considered a holistic nursing art.ConceptDr. Kolcaba discovered the concept of the comfort theory through her own personal nursing practice in the 1980’s (Kolcaba, 2003). She then spent many years perfecting her theory and devoted extent time to analyzing, defining, operationalizing, theorizing, and testing the theory under different environmental circumstances (Kolcaba, 2003). Dr. Kolcaba tells the story of how her concept of the term “comfort” came about in her published book. The word “comfort” came to her with a match-up from her husband; they discovered that this was theperfect concept for her theory when identifying the state in which her dementia/Alzheimer patients were the most satisfied (Kolcaba, 2003). She discovered that the comfort of her patients was a necessity for them to carry through with their daily tasks (Kolcaba, 2003). In her work, comfort is noticed to be positive and holistic, it is conceptualized in four theoretical contexts (physical, psychospiritual, environmental, and social) (Kolcaba, 1992).

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