Stroke (1).pptx - Stroke Grace Cheng Mike Rosario What is a stroke The 4th leading cause of death in America Two main types of stroke 1 Ischemic stroke

Stroke (1).pptx - Stroke Grace Cheng Mike Rosario What is a...

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Stroke Grace Cheng, Mike Rosario
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What is a stroke? The 4 th leading cause of death in America Two main types of stroke: 1. Ischemic stroke: Occurs when a blood clot forms in an artery, blocking blood flow to a specific area of the brain Brain cells can’t receive oxygen and nutrients, die as a result 2. Hemorrhagic stroke: Blood vessel in the brain bursts, bleeding into the brain Brain cells are damaged and die •. Death of brain cells results in loss of abilities controlled by that area of the brain; e.g. speech, movement, memory
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Treatment The Golden Hour if stroke is treated within the hour after the first symptoms, the patient has a much greater chance of survival and avoiding long-term damage deo demonstrating the penumbra system Thrombolytics-drugs that dissolve blood clots, allowing blood to flow to the brain. Works best when administered earlier tPA (tissue plasminogen activator)-activates specific enzyme that dissolves blood clots. Must be given within three hours of first symptoms.
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