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Grace MartinHUMA 1825October 13, 2017Study Questions: LutherPart One1)The first passage that Luther cites that argues for the use of force by Christians is “Let every soul be subject to power and authority, for there is no power but from God. The power that is everywhere is ordained of God. He then who resists the power resists God’s ordinance. But who resists God’s ordinance shall bring himself condemnation.” (35). This passage is saying that God has provided the power of authority and have rulers, and if this power of authority that is provided by God is ignored then there will be punishment. “Be subject to every kind of human ordinance, whether to the king as supreme, or to the governors, as to those sent of Him for the punishing of the evil and for the reward of the good.” (35). This passage states that God created authority to reward those who have done good and punish those who have committed evil. The next passage is “Whoso sheds man’s blood, his blood shall be shed again by man.” (35), if a person kills someone then they will also be punished by being killed (an eye for an eye). The final passage is “If a man presumptuously kills thou shalt take him from My altar that he may die… A life for a life, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a foot for a foot, a hand for a hand, a wound for a wound, a bruise for a bruise.” (35), similar to the passage before if someone causes harm to another by death or injury then their punishment will be the same.
The first passage that Luther cites that argues against the use of force by Christians is “Ye have heard that it was said to them of old: An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth. But I say unto you, that a man shall not resist evil, but if any one strikes thee upon the right cheek, turnto him the other also; and whoever will go to law with thee to take thy coat, let him have the cloak also, and whoever forces thee a mile, with him go two miles.” (35), this passage is