Chapter_22(1).pptx - Chapter 22 Psychotherapeutic Agents Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams Wilkins Psychotherapeutic Agents

Chapter_22(1).pptx - Chapter 22 Psychotherapeutic Agents...

This preview shows page 1 - 11 out of 34 pages.

Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 22: Psychotherapeutic Agents
Image of page 1
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Psychotherapeutic Agents Psychotherapeutic Agents Used to treat psychoses – perceptual and behavioral disorders Drugs do not cure the disorder – help patients function in a more acceptable manner and carry on activities of daily living Used in both children and adults
Image of page 2
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Mental Disorders and Their Classification Mental Disorders and Their Classification Schizophrenia Mania/Bipolar Disease Narcolepsy Attention-Deficit Disorder
Image of page 3
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Characteristics Hallucinations, paranoia, delusions, speech abnormalities, and affective problems Causes Strong genetic association May reflect a fundamental biochemical abnormality
Image of page 4
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Mania/Bipolar Illness Mania/Bipolar Illness Characteristics Mania: Periods of extreme overactivity and excitement Bipolar illness: Extremes of depression followed by hyperactivity and excitement Cause May reflect a biochemical imbalance followed by overcompensation on the part of neurons and their inability to re-establish stability
Image of page 5
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Narcolepsy Narcolepsy Characteristics Daytime sleepiness and sudden periods of loss of wakefulness Causes Problems with stimulation of the brain by the reticular activating system (RAS) Problems with response to that stimulation
Image of page 6
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Characteristics of Attention-Deficit Disorders Characteristics of Attention-Deficit Disorders Inability to concentrate on one activity for longer than a few minutes State of hyperkinesis Usually diagnosed in school-aged children, but can occur in adults
Image of page 7
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Classifications of Antipsychotics Classifications of Antipsychotics Typical Primarily dopamine receptor blockers Cause several adverse effects including hypotension, anticholinergic effects, and extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) Atypical Block both dopamine receptors and serotonin receptors May alleviate some of the unpleasant neurological effects and depression of typical antipsychotics
Image of page 8
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Use of Psychotherapeutic Agents Across the Lifespan Use of Psychotherapeutic Agents Across the Lifespan
Image of page 9
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Sites of Action of the Drugs Used to Treat Mental Disorders Sites of Action of the Drugs Used to Treat Mental Disorders
Image of page 10
Image of page 11

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 34 pages?

  • Fall '15

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture