MATTHEW - Matthewnotes\/Imperato MATTHEW(REL 110 students can skip material located within brackets This section of the course will include

MATTHEW - Matthewnotes/Imperato MATTHEW(REL 110...

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Page126Matthewnotes/ImperatoMATTHEW(REL 110 students can skip material located within brackets.)This section of the course will include distinguishing characteristics of Matthew’s Gospel as well as major elements in Matthew’s Gospel which Mark does not have such as the Infancy Narrative and the Sermon on the Mount. In addition there will be a section on parables as Matthew contains so many.Mark’s Gospel1:1John Bapt. 16:8 empty tomb1:1+Infancy NarrativeMatthew’s Gospel ends with post- resurrectional appearances Authorship: Clues: Mt.6:32 and 18:17Some argue that first editions of “Matthew’s
Page126Matthewnotes/ImperatoGospel” were anonymous. (Harrington, D. The Gospel According to Matthew(Liturgical Publications, 1991), p.8.Anonymity is debatable. Part of the reason anonymity is invoked is the assumption of a period of oral tradition prior to writing.Early in the Church(c.125 A.D.ref. of Papias) the apostle Matthew was associated with this Gospel. Eusebius (fourth century) quotes from Papias(lost second century text) on the Gospel of Mark in Hist. Eccl.iii. 39 as follows:For information on these points, we can merely refer our readers to the books themselves; but now, to the extracts already made, we shall add, as being a matter of primary importance, a tradition regarding Mark who wrote the Gospel, which he [Papias] has given in the following words: "And the presbyter said this. Mark having become the interpreter of Peter, wrote down accurately whatsoever he remembered. It was not, however, in exact order that he related the sayings or deeds of Christ. For he neither heard the Lord nor accompanied Him.Butafterwards, as I said, he accompanied Peter,
Page126Matthewnotes/Imperatowho accommodated his instructions to the necessities [of his hearers], but with no intention of giving a regular narrative of the Lord's sayings. Wherefore Mark made no mistake in thus writing some things as he remembered them. For of one thing he took especial care, not to omit anything he had heard, and not to put anything fictitious into the statements."The obvious problem with this is if Mt.’s Gospel is written by an eyewitness, why wouldhe copy so much from Mark who was not an eyewitness?Papias as quoted by Eusebius, also commentson Matthew: "Matthew collected the oracles (ta logia) in the Hebrew language, and each interpreted them as best he could."(Hist. Eccl.3.39.16)While Matthew’s Gospel was written in Greek as it is identical in many places to the Greek of Mark, perhaps the apostle collected some sayings that were later incorporated into the Greek Gospel. One cannot say for certain the apostle Matthew was involved in the writing ofthis Gospel.
Page126Matthewnotes/ImperatoNumerous commentaries assume the author of Matthew’s Gospel is a tax collector. This is based on tradition more than observation: As Jesus passed on from there, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax office; and hesaid to him, “Follow me.” And he rose and followed him.(Matthew 9)“Matthew the tax collector”(Mt. 10:3)Origen(3rd

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