Microsoft Word - SB1X_17_Exam4review.doc.pdf

Microsoft Word - SB1X_17_Exam4review.doc.pdf - AP Biology...

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AP Biology – Fall 2017 Edward R. Murrow High School Exam 4 Review Sheet Mr. Sprague Format: Section I 20 multiple choice questions Section II 1 essay question and 4 short free response questions Reading: Hillis chapters 7 and 8 (and all previous readings) Concepts to Review: EVERYTHING FROM EXAMS 1–3 Cell Cycle and Its Regulation o Know the stages of the cell cycle and what happens during each stage. o Be able to compare the processes of mitosis and meiosis . o Be able to explain the role of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases in cell cycle regulation. o Understand the terms haploid and diploid and the symbols n and 2 n . o Be able to compare plant and animal life cycles and understand the terms alternation of generations , zygote , gamete , and spore . o Be able to explain what apoptosis is, how it occurs in a eukaryotic cell, and why it is necessary. o Be able to explain how malfunctions in cell cycle regulation can lead to cancer . Patterns of Inheritance o Understand the terms gene , allele , dominant , recessive , homozygous , heterozygous , genotype , and phenotype . o Be able to solve genetics problems/calculations using a Punnett Square . o Understand the following modes of inheritance: autosomal dominant , autosomal recessive , incompletely dominant , codominant , multiple alleles , sex-linked , cytoplasmic , epistatic , and polygenic . o Understand how blood types are inherited and be able to solve genetics problems involving blood type. o Understand the role of crossing over in meiosis. o Be able to use data on the frequency of recombination (crossing over) to determine how the order of a set of genes on a chromosome.
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