Unit IV Assesment.docx - 1 Discuss the military strategy and intended outcomes of the Union Army from 1861 to the end of 1862 How successful was this

Unit IV Assesment.docx - 1 Discuss the military strategy...

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1Discuss the military strategy and intended outcomes of the Union Army from 1861 to the end of 1862. How successful was this strategy?During the civil war, the north and the south each utilized specific strategies to accomplish their very different objectives. The south applied a simple strategy of defense through attrition to accomplish their objective of seceding from the union. The north however had a more complicated initial objective of reunifying the union and applied varying strategies to accomplish this. A number of factors influenced the strategies such as national policy, geographical challenges or advantages, local politics, militarytheory and training, resources and logistics, foreign policy and the enemy’s intentions. In order for the north to accomplish their objective it would require offensive operations and a complete victory. Geographically, with both the Union and Confederate capitols residing in the east, any operations in this area would weigh heavy on national emotions. The east gave an advantage to the south and the west gave an advantage to the north due to the lack of barriers and the Mississippi allowing them to easily slip through Confederate defenses. Through these advantageous avenues, the north developed a strategy to exhaust the south by capturing cities of logistical and political significance and by crippling the south’s rail system therefore cutting off resources to the south. Through this strategy, commanding General Winfield Scott developed a plan of exhaustion named Anaconda. Thetactics of this strategy were to surround the south on three sides slowly constricting them from resources. The Union would move in over land from the north forming a blockade putting pressure on the south, while securing the Mississippi on the west preventing the Confederates to receive supplies from Texas. On the east, the union would use the navy to control the sea not allowing the south to receive any supplies or assistance from Europe. As great as General Scotts plan seemed, it didn’t satisfy the politicians, they wanted faster results. However, fast attacks would not be successful. In order to support fast attacks, Union soldiers would need to be detached in order to support the lengthening supply line. This would reduce what could have been overwhelming numbers for the north, putting the south on a moreequal playing field. During these fast attacks, the south, though defeated,

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