culf 3331 assignment 1.docx - CULF 3331 Assignment 1 Chapter 3 Eitzen and Zinn 1 The countries of the world vary widely in levels of material conditions

culf 3331 assignment 1.docx - CULF 3331 Assignment 1...

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CULF 3331 Assignment 1 Chapter 3 Eitzen and Zinn 1. “The countries of the world vary widely in levels of material conditions." This means that the more developed countries have better material conditions than the less developed ones. Table 3.1 uses an index based on life expectancy, educational attainment and real per capita GDP to rank the world’s nations and how developed they actually are. These inequalities could be caused by their degree of geographic isolation, climate, overpopulation, natural resources, and the effect of power. The less developed countries usually stay that way because they “have been and continue to be dominated and exploited” by highly developed countries “that have extracted their wealth and labor.” 2. “99% of the current population growth occurs in the less developed nations where poverty, hunger, and infectious disease are already rampant.” Table 3.2 reveals that there is a strong inverse relationship between per capita GNP and population growth rates. The population growth rates in the poor countries make it difficult to provide the bare necessities of housing, fuel, food, and medical attention. Large families make good economic sense to the poor because children are a major source of labor and income. There are 3 ways to reduce fertility: through economic development, family-planning programs, and social change. The first is when a country goes through a modern demographic transition when the economy is thriving and the population eventually drops as families finally realize that they don’t want many children. The second is when a country tries to control their population growth through family planning, but it may vary in success. Finally, the third one is to engrain cultural values “about the familial role of women and about children as evidence of the father’s virility or as a hedge against poverty in old age must be changed.” There is a striking misdistribution in life chances between the developed and developing nations. “The gap between the rich and the poor countries is increasing, and the gap between the rich and poor in the poor countries is increasing. Those in absolute poverty suffer from disease, malnutrition, squalor, stigma, illiteracy, unemployment, and hopelessness.
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