Executive Orders-Federal Register.2016.pdf

Executive Orders-Federal Register.2016.pdf - Executive...

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Executive Orders and the Federal Register Wikipedia – peer reviewed and seriously condensed and edited for accuracy by Professor Fish Executive Orders Federal Register Emancipation Proclamation Article 2 Executive Order 9066 Executive Order 6102 Presidential Proclamations Presidential Directives United States presidents issue executive orders to help officers and agencies of the executive branch manage the operations within the federal government itself. Executive orders have the full force of law 90 days after they are admitted into the Federal Register. Like both legislative statutes and regulations promulgated by government agencies, executive orders are subject to judicial review, and may be struck down if deemed by the courts to be unsupported by statute or the Constitution. Major policy initiatives require approval by the legislative branch, but executive orders have significant influence over the internal affairs of government, deciding how and to what degree legislation will be “enforced,” dealing with emergencies, waging 72-hour length strikes on enemies, and in general fine- tuning policy choices in the implementation of broad statutes. There is no constitutional provision nor statute that explicitly permits executive orders. The term executive power in Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution refers to the office of President as the executive. He is instructed therein by the declaration "take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed" made in Article II, Section 3 or face impeachment. Most executive orders use these Constitutional reasonings as the authorization allowing for their issuance to be justified as part of the President's sworn duties, the intent being to help direct officers of the U.S. Executive carry out their delegated duties as well as the normal operations of the federal government: the consequence of failing to comply possibly being removal from office. An executive order must find support in the Constitution, either in a clause granting the president specific power, or by a delegation of Congressional power to the president. The Office of the Federal Register is responsible for assigning the executive order a sequential number after receipt of the signed original from the White House and printing the text of the executive order in the daily Federal Register . Other types of orders issued by "the Executive" are generally classified simply as administrative orders rather than executive orders. These are typically known as Presidential Determination, Presidential Memorandum and Presidential Notice.
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