Election of 1800 and Marbury.2016.pdf

Election of 1800 and Marbury.2016.pdf - Election of 1800...

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Election of 1800 & Marbury vs. Madison Wikipedia & Microsoft – peer reviewed and seriously condensed and edited for accuracy by Professor Fish Federalist Party Democratic-Republican Party John Adams Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr Electoral College Judiciary Act of 1789 Judiciary Act of 1801 Judiciary Act of 1802 Judiciary Act of 1803 Quasi-War Absolute Majority Lame Duck John Marshall William Marbury James Madison Writ of Mandamus Judicial Review In the United States Presidential election of 1800 , sometimes referred to as the "Revolution of 1800," Vice President Thomas Jefferson defeated incumbent president John Adams. The election ushered in a generation of Democratic-Republican Party rule and the eventual demise of the Federalist Party. The election exposed one of the flaws in the original Constitution. Members of the Electoral College could only vote for President; each elector could vote for two candidates, and the Vice President was the person who received the second largest number of votes during the election. The Democratic-Republicans had planned for one of the electors to abstain from casting his second vote for Aaron Burr, which would have led to Jefferson receiving one electoral vote more than Burr. The plan, however, was bungled, resulting in a tied electoral vote between Jefferson and Burr. The election was then put into the hands of the outgoing House of Representatives controlled by the Federalist Party. Many Federalists voted for Burr, and the result was a week of deadlock. Federalist Alexander Hamilton, who detested both but preferred Jefferson to Burr, was one of those who vigorously lobbied against Burr. 1 Burr remained in New York during the debates and votes, as his only daughter was married there on February 1, 1801. No documentable evidence exists to verify that Burr did anything to sway the vote his way, however, there is a tremendous amount of innuendo, back-door dealing, and oral traditions that the Federalists were bargaining with Burr’s approval. Nevertheless, in the absence of proof of Burr's possible lobbying, it doesn’t change the fact that due to Jefferson's supporters and Hamilton’s approval, that Jefferson ascended to the Presidency. The candidates John Adams of Massachusetts, President of the United States 1 Hamilton's actions were one episode of the ill-fated relationship between Hamilton and Burr, which ended in Hamilton's fatal duel with Burr in 1804. Tensions reached a bursting point with Hamilton's journalistic defamation of Burr's character during the 1804 New York gubernatorial race in which Burr was a candidate. However, the conflict began in 1791 when Burr captured a Senate seat from Philip Schuyler, Hamilton's father-in-law, who would have supported Federalist policies. (Hamilton was Secretary of the Treasury at the time.) When the Electoral College deadlocked in the election of 1800, Hamilton's maneuvering in the House of Representatives caused Thomas Jefferson to be named President and Burr Vice President.
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